J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2018 Dec;29(4):404-413. 10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.4.404.

Validation of a Path Model of Vietnamese Migrant Workers' Occupational Stress

  • 1Nurse, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. gelee@dau.ac.kr
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.


The purpose of this study is to construct and verify a path model for the influencing factors on occupational stress of Vietnamese migrant workers in Korea.
Participants were 193 Vietnamese migrant workers recruited from Foreign Workers Support Centers. Data were collected by a self-administered survey with copies of a Questionnaire written in Vietnamese. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients and path analysis using SPSS/WIN 23.0 and Amos 20.0 program.
Length of residence, homeland friends' and Korean colleagues'supports, and acculturation have been found to have significant direct effects on occupational stress of Vietnamese migrant workers. Meanwhile, Length of residence, homeland friends', Korean colleagues', and their families' supports showed indirect effects on their occupational stress. What had the greatest direct effect on occupational stress of Vietnamese migrant workers was Korean colleagues' support.
For reducing occupational stress of Vietnamese migrant workers, it is necessary to strengthen their Korean colleagues' supports in work places. In addition, community organizations should take strategies to enhance homeland friends' supports and to improve acculturation of Vietnamese migrant workers.


Transients and migrants; Occupational stress; Acculturation; Social support

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
Transients and Migrants*


  • Figure 1. Path diagram of occupational stress.



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