J Korean Gerontol Nurs.  2023 Aug;25(3):320-331. 10.17079/jkgn.2023.00094.

Factors influencing fall in the community-dwelling elderly: Data from the 2020 national survey of older people: A secondary analysis study

  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangseo University, Seoul, Korea


This study was performed to identify the factors influencing fall in the community-dwelling elderly using the raw data of the 2020 national older Koreans data. Methods: The study included 9,920 community-dwelling seniors aged 65 years and older. The data were analyzed by using a complex sampling design univariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Although the subjects of this study were 9,920 people, it can be generalized to 7,617,710 people because it is a probability sample using the stratified systematic sampling with cluster plots. As a result of this study, the fall rate of community-dwelling elderly was 6.4% and the weighted percentage was 7.1%. Satisfaction with economic status, number of chronic diseases, use of medical facilities, smoking, limitation of lower muscle strength, decreased visual acuity, limitation of daily living function, and housing type were identified as factors influencing fall in older people dwelling in the community. Conclusion: Based on the variables identified in this study, it is necessary for nurses to select high-risk groups for fall and to actively develop and implement nursing intervention to prevent fall.


Aged; Accidental Falls; Independent Living
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