Psychiatry Investig.  2022 Oct;19(10):847-856. 10.30773/pi.2022.0108.

Suicide and Suicide Prevention Awareness in Korea During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Republic of Korea
  • 2Ansan Center for Suicide Prevention, Ansan, Republic of Korea

Abstract


Objective
Owing to prolonged social distancing and the resultant isolation, the prevalence of depression and suicidality has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the severity of depression and suicidality in Korean community populations and examine their awareness of suicide and suicide prevention during the pandemic.
Methods
This study surveyed a community population in 2020 and 2021, involving 668 participants. We evaluated the severity of depression and suicidality using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation as well as questions about awareness of suicide. We performed a correlation analysis to confirm the association between variables, and compared participants’ suicide awareness according to the severity of depression.
Results
The severity of depression and suicidality in the community population decreased in 2021 compared to 2020. Awareness of the importance of suicide prevention increased in 2021, but the percentage reporting that it is possible decreased slightly. The group with higher depressive symptoms reported a lower possibility of suicide prevention.
Conclusion
Increasing social interest in suicide, as well as awareness of suicide prevention, is important for reducing suicide rates. Suicide prevention campaigns, education, and social policies are needed, particularly during the pandemic.

Keyword

Suicide; Suicide prevention; Depression; COVID-19; Community survey
Full Text Links
  • PI
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr