J Gynecol Oncol.  2021 Sep;32(5):e74. 10.3802/jgo.2021.32.e74.

Long-term outcomes of cervical cancer patients with complete metabolic response after definitive chemoradiotherapy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Adana Dr. Turgut Noyan Research and Treatment Center, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
  • 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract


Objective
We investigated the importance of metabolic parameters measured with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography integrated with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) for predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in cervical cancer with complete metabolic response (CMR) after chemoradiotherapy (ChRT).
Methods
The clinical data and PET parameters including standardized uptake value (SUV), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) of 122 patients having CMR in post-treatment 18F-FDG-PET/CT delivered a median of 3.9 months after ChRT completion were analyzed.
Results
With a median follow-up of 8.4 years, 55 patients (45%) presented with disease a median of 19.7 months after ChRT. For SUVp, MTVp, TLGp, SUVln, MTVln, and TLGp, the cut-off values for OS determined by receiver operating curve analysis were 15.8, 48.7 cm3, 552.3, 8.7, 7.0 cm3, respectively. All metabolic PET parameters were significant prognostic factors for OS and PFS in univariate analysis. International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage was predictive of both OS and PFS, while pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node metastasis were predictive of OS only. In multivariate analysis, FIGO stage ≥IIB, MTVp ≥49.8 cm3, and TLGp ≥597.4 were predictive of worse OS. Advanced stage, presence of lymph node metastasis, higher TLGp, and larger MTVln were significant factors for poor PFS rates.
Conclusion
We found that advanced stage and higher TLGp values were significant predictors for poor survival and higher progression rates. Volumetric PET parameters could be used to predict treatment outcomes in patients with CMR after definitive ChRT.

Keyword

Cervical Cancer; Radiotherapy; Positron Emission Tomography; Prognostic Factor; Survival
Full Text Links
  • JGO
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr