Clin Exp Emerg Med.  2021 Dec;8(4):279-288. 10.15441/ceem.20.106.

Validation and modification of HEART score components for patients with chest pain in the emergency department

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Anyang, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Anyang, Korea

Abstract


Objective
This study aimed to clarify the relative prognostic value of each History, Electrocardiography, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) score component for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 3 months and validate the modified HEART (mHEART) score.
Methods
This study evaluated the HEART score components for patients with chest symptoms visiting the emergency department from November 19, 2018 to November 19, 2019. All components were evaluated using logistic regression analysis and the scores for HEART, mHEART, and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) were determined using the receiver operating characteristics curve.
Results
The patients were divided into a derivation (809 patients) and a validation group (298 patients). In multivariate analysis, age did not show statistical significance in the detection of MACE within 3 months and the mHEART score was calculated after omitting the age component. The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves for HEART, mHEART and TIMI scores in the prediction of MACE within 3 months were 0.88, 0.91, and 0.83, respectively, in the derivation group; and 0.88, 0.91, and 0.81, respectively, in the validation group. When the cutoff value for each scoring system was determined for the maintenance of a negative predictive value for a MACE rate >99%, the mHEART score showed the highest sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (97.4%, 54.2%, 23.7%, and 99.3%, respectively).
Conclusion
Our study showed that the mHEART score better detects short-term MACE in high-risk patients and ensures the safe disposition of low-risk patients than the HEART and TIMI scores.

Keyword

Chest pain; Emergency service, hospital; Adverse effects; Prognosis
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