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Adverse events and preventive measures related to COVID-19 vaccines

Ahn TK, Kang S, Paik JH, Seo YH

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are categorized according to the manufacturing technique, including mRNA vaccines and adenovirus vector vaccines. According to previous studies, the reported efficacy of the COVID-19...
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Emergency department utilization and risk factors for mortality in older patients: an analysis of Korean National Emergency Department Information System data

Kim S, Kang H, Cho Y, Lee H, Lee SW, Jeong J, Kim WY, Kim SJ, Han KS

Objective With trends in population aging an increasing number of older patients are visiting the emergency department (ED). This study aimed to identify the characteristics of ED utilization and risk...
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Dexmedetomidine as an adjunctive treatment for acute asthma

Motamed H, Forouzan A, Moezzi M, Alizadeh H

Objective This study aimed to compare the efficacy of using dexmedetomidine with salbutamol and salbutamol nebulization alone in patients with acute exacerbation of asthma presenting to the emergency department. Methods This...
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Risk factors for acute bronchiolitis-related return visits to the emergency department

Kook Y, Lee JS, Ryu JM

Purpose: Acute bronchiolitis (AB)-related return visits incur overuse of emergency medicine resources, crowding of emergency departments (EDs), and deterioration of rapport with the guardians. The authors aimed to analyze factors...
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In-hospital mortality in the emergency department: clinical and etiological differences between early and late deaths among patients awaiting admission

Valli G, Galati E, De Marco F, Bucci C, Fratini P, Cennamo E, Ancona C, Volpe N, Ruggieri MP

Objective Given that there are no studies on diseases that occur by waiting for hospitalization, we aimed to evaluate the main causes of death in the emergency room (ER) and...
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A clinical prediction tool to predict urinary tract infection in pediatric febrile patients younger than 2 years old: a retrospective analysis of a fever registry

Park YS, Lee JH, Kwak YH, Jung JY, Kwon H, Choi YJ, Suh DB, Lee B, Kim MJ, Kim DK

Objective Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a significant issue in young febrile patients due to potential long-term complications. Early detection of UTI is crucial in pediatric emergency departments (PEDs). We...
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Can ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block be an alternative option for forearm reduction in the emergency department? A prospective randomized study

Tekin E, Aydin ME, Turgut MC, Karagoz S, Ates I, Ahiskalioglu EO

Objective Ultrasound-guided infraclavicular nerve block (IB) has become a well-established method in several outpatient procedures; however, its use in emergency departments (EDs) remains limited. The aim of this study was...
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Pain management in the emergency department: a clinical review

Motov SM, Vlasica K, Middlebrook I, LaPietra A

Pain is one of the most common reasons for patients to visit the emergency department. The ever-growing research on emergency department analgesia has challenged the current practices with respect to...
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A comparison of scoring systems for predicting mortality and sepsis in the emergency department patients with a suspected infection

Thodphetch M, Chenthanakij B, Wittayachamnankul B, Sruamsiri K, Tangsuwanaruk T

Objective We aimed to compare the modified National Early Warning Score (mNEWS), quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score, modified Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (mSIRS) score, and modified Search Out...
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Validation and modification of HEART score components for patients with chest pain in the emergency department

Kim MJ, Ha SO, Park YS, Yi JH, Yang WS, Kim JH

Objective This study aimed to clarify the relative prognostic value of each History, Electrocardiography, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) score component for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 3...
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The Fever in the Emergency Department: before Versus after COVID-19

Yu D, Jeon JC, Kim Y, Park U, Kim KT

A high body temperature, i.e. fever, is a crucial vital sign, and suggests the patient’s infection or inflammation. COVID-19 has changed the lifestyle, and led to the changes in medical...
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Predicting 30-day mortality of patients with pneumonia in an emergency department setting using machine-learning models

Kang SY, Cha WC, Yoo J, Kim T, Park JH, Yoon H, Hwang SY, Sim MS, Jo IJ, Shin TG

Objective This study aimed to confirm the accuracy of a machine-learning-based model in predicting the 30-day mortality of patients with pneumonia and evaluating whether they were required to be admitted...
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Comparison of traumatic brain injury patients with brain computed tomography in the emergency department by age group

Huh KR, Kim JY, Choi SH, Yoon YH, Park SJ, Lee ES

Objective Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health concern due to its high prevalence and mortality rate among young people. We investigated the clinical and social characteristics of...
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External validation of the modified HOPPE score to predict low risk pulmonary embolism suitable for early discharge

Patel K, Klim S, Ritchie P, Johns I, Kelly AM

Objective Recently, a novel score for risk stratification of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE)—the HOPPE score—was derived. We aimed to externally validate the HOPPE score in emergency department-diagnosed PE, using...
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Utilization characteristics of an advanced pediatric emergency center: a single center study over 2 years

Shin S, Choi H, Choi B

Purpose: Advanced pediatric emergency centers play an important role in professional treatment of children. We analyzed the characteristics of children who visited an advanced pediatric emergency center. Methods: The study enrolled...
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Effects of screening and brief intervention on alcohol consumption in an emergency department

Im SC, Lee DH

Objective Alcohol use is associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality. Alcohol problems are common in emergency departments (EDs). This study investigated the effect of screening and a new...
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Reliability of chest pain risk scores in cancer patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome

Alyeşil C, Yilmaz S, Özturan , Pekdemir M, Yaka E, Doğan N

Objective The history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin (HEART), the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI), and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) scores are useful risk stratification tools in...
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Clinical features of adolescents who visited the emergency department with chest discomfort: the importance of recognizing underlying medical conditions

Kim J, Park E, Park M, Cho J, Son MH

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the clinical features of adolescents who visit emergency departments (EDs) with chest discomfort, and analyze the implications of underlying medical conditions for the development of...
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Characteristics of children with trauma compared to those with disease in the emergency department: a Korean single regional emergency medical center study

Hwang Y, Jo HY, Yoo HW, Kim YM, Kim HY

Purpose: Trauma is the leading cause of death and disability in children. We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of children with trauma and disease. Methods: We reviewed the medical records...
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Clinical features of adolescents with suicide attempt and the factors associated with their outcomes: poisoning versus non-poisoning

Lee MH, Jang JH, Cho JS, Choi WS, Choi JY

Purpose: Methods for suicide attempt are largely divided into poisoning and non-poisoning, which differ in clinical features and severity. We aimed to investigate the clinical features of adolescents with suicide...
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