Korean J Adult Nurs.  2021 Aug;33(4):406-414. 10.7475/kjan.2021.33.4.406.

Assessment of Research Performance during COVID-19 Pandemic among Nursing Researchers

  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea
  • 3Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
  • 4Professor, Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Professor, Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea
  • 6Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
  • 7Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
  • 8Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul, Korea
  • 9Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Incheon Catholic University, Incheon, Korea
  • 10Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea
  • 11Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
  • 12Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 13Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
  • 14Doctoral Student, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea


The purpose of this study was to assess the research performance during Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic among nursing researchers.
A cross-sectional online survey was conducted for Korean Society of Adult Nursing where 103 subjects participated from April 15 to May 14, 2021. The survey tool developed by researchers had 32 items including difficulties in performing research activities, perception of the impact of COVID-19 on research validity, and three open-ended questions.
In the research planning phase, 88 subjects (90.7%) reported difficulties in the recruitment plan and 83 subjects (89.3%) reported difficulties selecting a research design. In the recruitment and data collection phase, 85 subjects (88.6%) had difficulties accessing data collection site and 78 subjects (85.7%) had difficulties in face-to-face data collection. In the provision of intervention phase (for experimental study), 26 subjects (66.7%) reported that they should have changed the method of delivery of intervention. In research administration and manpower management, 62 subjects (75.6%) reported difficulties in face-to-face meeting. In research outcome management, 65 subjects (85.5%) reported that they should have changed the way of research-related events. Lastly, 80 subjects (81.6%) perceived that difficulties caused by COVID-19 impacted research validity.
Majority of participants perceived that the difficulties in research activities may decrease research validity. To ensure research quality during COVID-19 pandemic, we should recognize potential threats to research validity and actively pursue adaptable innovations of research designs and data collection methods.


Nursing; Research; Assessment; COVID-19
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