Psychiatry Investig.  2021 Aug;18(8):795-800. 10.30773/pi.2021.0071.

Current and Future Trends in Hospital Utilization of Patients With Schizophrenia in Korea: A Time Series Analysis Using National Health Insurance Data

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3Mindlink, Gwangju Buk-gu Mental Health Center, Gwangju, Republic of Korea


This study aimed to investigate trends in hospital utilization of patients with schizophrenia during the last 10 years in Korea and to predict future trends using time series analysis.
We determined the numbers of patients receiving outpatient or inpatient treatment for schizophrenia per month between 2010 and 2019, using National Health Insurance claims data. Facebook’s Prophet was used to fit time series models based on observations for the previous 120 months, and to predict trends over the next 36 months.
The number of hospitalized patients per month has declined rapidly since 2015, but the monthly number of outpatient visits has steadily increased. Monthly hospital utilization has increased in patients aged ≤29 and ≥50 years, but has declined rapidly since 2014–2015 in patients in their 30s and 40s. The upward trend in overall hospital utilization has slowed considerably in recent years. These trends are expected to continue over the next few years.
This study revealed some notable changes in the hospital utilization patterns of patients with schizophrenia in recent years. There is a need to closely monitor and anticipate potential problems caused by these changing trends.


Forecast; Hospital utilization; Schizophrenia; Time series analysis; Ttrend
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