J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2021 Feb;28(1):96-104. 10.7739/jkafn.2021.28.1.96.

Psychometric Testing of the Korean Version of the Caring Behaviors Inventory-24 in Clinical Nurses

  • 1Professor, College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungil University, Gyeongsan, Korea
  • 4Professor, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, U.S.A
  • 5Professor, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, U.S.A


To determine psychometric properties of the Caring Behaviors Inventory-24 (CBI-24) among Korean clinical nurses.
A methodological design was used. Data were collected from 408 clinical nurses. Construct validity analysis was performed, including factorial, convergent, and discriminant validity. Internal consistency was tested by Cronbach’s ⍺ coefficients, inter-item correlation, and corrected item-total correlation.
Exploratory factor analysis produced three factors: ‘empathy and supporting’, ‘knowledge and skills’, and ‘providing comfort’. In confirmatory factor analysis results, model fit indices were acceptable (x2/df=3.50, RMR=.05, RMSEA=.08, CFI=.90). The values obtained for the AVE ranged from .53 to .68, and for the CR ranged from .53 to .68. Convergent validity coefficients were noticeably greater in magnitude than discriminant validity coefficients: .53 (AVE1 value) and .68 (AVE2 value)≥.45 (r122 value) and .68 (AVE2 value) and .63 (AVE3 value)≥.61 (r232 value). Internal consistency (Cronbach’s ⍺) of CBI-K was .95.
The CBI-K was shown to have acceptable construct validity and good internal consistency. Study findings imply that CBI-K could be a useful instrument for clinical administrators and nursing researchers to assess caring behaviors among Korean clinical nurses. Utilization of CBI-K might contribute to the building of empirical knowledge and the understanding of caring behaviors from nurses’ perspectives.


Behavior; Caring; Nurses; Nursing; Psychometrics
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