J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci.  2020 Mar;36(1):21-28. 10.14368/jdras.2020.36.1.21.

A clinical study on the effect of attachable periodontal wound dressing on postoperative pain and healing

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Periodontology, Dankook University Sejong Dental Hospital, Sejong, Republic of Korea
  • 3Department of Cosmetic Science, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Purpose
After periodontal surgery, studies have found that the use of periodontal wound dressing reduces the risk of wound infection and increases healing. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of attachable periodontal wound dressing on the healing and patient satisfaction after periodontal flap surgery.
Materials and Methods
Twenty-eight patients requiring periodontal surgery underwent periodontal flap surgery on both quadrants of maxilla or mandible. Postoperative pain, bleeding, dietary discomfort and hypersensitivity in relation to attachable periodontal wound dressing was assessed using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Additional survey on frequency of burning sensation and overall satisfaction rates were assessed.
Results
VAS mean values for pain, bleeding, and dietary discomfort depending on the presence and absence of attachable wound dressing were; pain: 2.82, 3.96 (P = 0.002), bleeding: 1.61, 2.54 (P = 0.008), dietary discomfort: 2.82, 4.18 (P < 0.001), respectively. Test groups with attachable wound dressing reported significantly lower rates of discomfort. No significant difference was observed in burning sensation and hypersensitivity related with wound dressing. Satisfaction was higher in 75% of patients who received wound dressing.
Conclusion
According to the results of this study, patients who received attachable periodontal wound dressing reported less postoperative pain, bleeding, and dietary discomfort. There was no statistical significance related to the use of wound dressing with burning sensation and hypersensitivity.

Keyword

periodontal dressings; wound healing; postoperative care; surgical flap; visual analog scale
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