J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2020 Sep;31(3):348-359. 10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.348.

A Structural Model on the Post-Traumatic Growth of Police Officers

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Kyungil University, Gyeongsan, Korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing ․ Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Deagu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to construct and test a structural model for the Post-traumatic Growth (PTG) of police officers. The conceptual model is based on Calhoun and Tedeschi’s PTG theory.
Methods
Data were collected from 269 police officers working at 10 police stations in Seoul from September 26 to October 9, 2017. The exogenous variable was traumatic experiences, and endogenous variables were pain perception, self disclosure, social support, deliberate rumination, and PTG. The collected data were analyzed in order to calculate the direct and indirect effects of factors affecting PTG using SPSS/WIN 23.0 and AMOS 21.0.
Results
The hypothetical model showed a good fit to the data: x2 /df=2.57, GFI=.90, CFI=.95, TLI=.91, RMSEA=.07, SRMR=.07. The hypothetical model showed a similar result with the data, and out of 10 paths, 7 were statistically significant. The model explained 36% of the variance in the PTG of police officers. The model confirmed that social support and deliberate rumination had a direct effect, and that self-disclosure had an indirect effect on police officers’ PTG. Conclusion: Nursing intervention programs to increase PTG of police officers should focus on deliberate rumination, social support, and self-disclosure. In addition, they should be accompanied by various crisis managements and consultations that can promote PTG.

Keyword

Police; Growth; Self disclosure; Social support; Pain perception
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