Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2020 Nov;29(4):288-294. 10.5807/kjohn.2020.29.4.288.

Perceptions of the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Middle-aged Male Taxi Drivers: Focus Group Interviews

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Suwon Women’s University, Suwon, Korea
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung Yeongdong University, Gangneung, Korea
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Daegu Health College, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to comprehensively examine middle-aged male taxi drivers' perceptions of the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Methods
A qualitative method was used, with focus group interviews. The participants were middle-aged male taxi drivers who had been driving for more than ten years and for more than six hours daily.
Results
The data were analyzed using qualitative thematic analysis. Middle-aged male taxi drivers' perceptions of the risk of cardiovascular disease were categorized into three main themes:  “individual perceptions of cardiovascular disease”, “possibility of behaviors for cardiovascular disease” and “motivations of behaviors for cardiovascular disease”. Six sub-themes were extracted as follows: “perception of vulnerability”, “perception of seriousness”, “perception of profitability”, “perception of disability”, “self-awareness” and “advancing toward health care”.
Conclusion
It is necessary to invigorate support systems through measures including education, counseling, and web-based programs to prevent cardiovascular disease in middle-aged male taxi drivers.

Keyword

Cardiovascular disease; Middle-aged; Male; Taxi driver; Focus groups
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