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Cardiovascular diseases in HIV patients

Chang HH

New and more effective antiretroviral therapy regimens have increased viral suppression and improved immune function recovery, leading to the extension of the lifespan of people living with HIV (PLWH). The...
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New, Novel Lipid-Lowering Agents for Reducing Cardiovascular Risk: Beyond Statins

Kim K, Ginsberg HN, Choi SH

Statins are the cornerstone of the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, even under optimal statin therapy, a significant residual ASCVD risk remains. Therefore, there has been...
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Association between obesity and COVID-19

Lim S

Background: Since December 2019, most countries have struggled with the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). During the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, weight gain became prevalent because the preventive...
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Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease predispose patients to carotid arteriosclerosis and ischemic stroke?

Jin Q, Yang RX, Fan JG

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Male Infertility Increases the Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study in Taiwan

Chen PC, Chen YJ, Yang CC, Lin TT, Huang CC, Chung CH, Sun CA, Chien WC

Purpose: Some evidence suggests that male infertility increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, the evidence in Asian populations is relatively scarce. The aim of this study is to...
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Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease Better Predicts Incident Cardiovascular Disease

Jeong S, Oh YH, Choi S, Chang J, Kim SM, Son JS, Lee G, Kim W, Park SM

Background/Aims: Metabolic dysfunction (MD)-associated fatty liver disease is a new positive diagnostic criterion based on hepatic steatosis and MD. However, a comprehensive evaluation on the association of MD and hepatic...
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Maintaining Physical Activity Is Associated with Reduced Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in People Newly Diagnosed with Diabetes

Kim D, Seo J, Ha KH, Kim DJ

Background: We investigated the association between changes in physical activity and the risk of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in people with newly diagnosed diabetes. Methods: Using a nationwide database,...
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Triglyceride–Glucose Index Predicts Cardiovascular Outcome in Metabolically Unhealthy Obese Population: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

Cho YK, Kim HS, Park JY, Lee WJ, Kim YJ, Jung CH

Background: This study assesses the prognostic value of the triglyceride–glucose (TyG) index for cardiovascular (CV) risk in subgroups based on metabolic health and obesity status. Methods: Originally, 514,866 participants were enrolled...
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Improvement in Age at Mortality and Changes in Causes of Death in the Population with Diabetes: An Analysis of Data from the Korean National Health Insurance and Statistical Information Service, 2006 to 2018

Han E, Song SO, Kim HS, Son KJ, Jee SH, Cha BS, Lee BW

Background: Diabetes is a leading cause of death that is responsible for 1.6 million annual deaths worldwide. However, the life expectancy and age at death of people with diabetes have...
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Extra-Glycemic Effects of Anti-Diabetic Medications: Two Birds with One Stone?

Rhee EJ

The world is suffering from a rapid increase in the number of people with diabetes due to the increased prevalence of obesity and lengthened life span. Since the development of...
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The Role of Age in Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Asian People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Park S, Park SY, Lee E, Kim TH, Lee E

Background: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) have an increased risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, but specific guidance on when to suspect the onset of these diseases is...
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The Interaction of Hypertension for Vertigo in Audiovestibular Medicine Clinic

Osuji AE

As the first audiovestibular medicine physician in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, a keen observation revealed that a sizeable proportion of the adult patients presenting to our...
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Risk of Cerebro-Cardiovascular Diseases among Police Officers and Firefighters: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study

Lee J, Lee WR, Yoo KB, Cho J, Yoon J

Purpose: Police officers and firefighters are exposed to risk factors for cerebro-cardiovascular diseases, and the actual risk is expected to increase compared with other occupational groups. The present study aimed...
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Pragmatic Clinical Studies: An Emerging Clinical Research Discipline for Improving Evidence-Based Practice of Cardiovascular Diseases in Asia

Zhao D, Yao C

Pragmatic clinical studies, an emerging clinical research discipline, include a wide range of studies that are largely embedded with routine clinical practice and aim to evaluate the comparative effectiveness and...
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Decomposition of Socioeconomic Inequality in Cardiovascular Disease Prevalence in the Adult Population: A Cohort-based Cross-sectional Study in Northwest Iran

Pourfarzi F, Zahirian Moghadam T, Zandian H

Objectives: The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is increasing in developing countries. This study aimed to decompose the socioeconomic inequality of CVD in Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study was...
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Increased Risk of Cardio-Cerebrovascular Diseases in Migraine Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based, Longitudinal Follow-Up Study in South Korea

Lee SJ, Yoon S, Bae YJ, Bushnell CD, Kim HJ, Kang D

Background and Purpose Migraine is reportedly associated with several cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CCDs), but some of these diseases have not received sufficient attention. We thus attempted to determine the associations of...
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Dietary Oxidized Linoleic Acids Modulate Fatty Acids in Mice

Chinedu C. CC, Wilson T, Garelnabi M

Objective: An elevated concentration of oxidized lipids along with the abnormal accumulation of lipids has been linked to the formation of atheromatous plaque and the development of cardiovascular diseases. This...
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Triglyceride-Glucose Index Is a Useful Marker for Predicting Future Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Young Korean Adults: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

Chog YK, Han Kd, Kim HS, Jung CH, Park JY, Lee WJ

Objective: The triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, the product of fasting triglycerides and glucose, is a useful and cost-effective marker of insulin resistance (IR). Furthermore, the TyG index is a known IR...
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Attainment of Lipid Targets Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Can We Do Better?

Lan NSR, Ali US, Yeap BB, Fegan PG, Larbalestier R, Bell DA

Objective: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remain at high cardiovascular risk; however, few studies have evaluated lipid management and attainment of lipid targets in these patients. We...
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Cardiovascular Regeneration via Stem Cells and Direct Reprogramming: A Review

Lee CS, Kim J, Cho HJ, Kim HS

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading causes of morbidity and death globally. In particular, a heart failure remains a major problem that contributes to global mortality. Considerable advancements have been...
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