J Adv Prosthodont.  2020 Oct;12(5):283-290. 10.4047/jap.2020.12.5.283.

Fracture resistance and marginal fit of the zirconia crowns with varied occlusal thickness

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey

Abstract

PURPOSE
The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical applicability of monolithic zirconia (MZ) crowns of different thickness via determination of fracture resistance and marginal fit.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
MZ crowns with 0.5, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.5 mm thickness and porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns were prepared, ten crowns in each group. Marginal gaps of the crowns were measured. All crowns were aged with thermal cycling (5 - 55o C/10000 cycle) and chewing simulator (50 N/1 Hz/lateral movement: 2 mm, mouth opening: 2 mm/ 240000 cycles). After aging, fracture resistance of crowns was determined. Statistical analysis was performed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s HDS post hoc test.
RESULTS
Fracture loads were higher in the PFM and 1 mm MZ crowns compared to 0.5 mm and 0.8 mm crowns. 1.5 mm MZ crowns were not broken even with the highest force applied (10 kN). All marginal gap values were below 86 µm even in the PFM crowns, and PFM crowns had a higher marginal gap than the MZ crowns.
CONCLUSION
The monolithic zirconia exhibited high fracture resistance and good marginal fit even with the 0.5 mm thickness, which might be used with reduced occlusal thickness and be beneficial in challengingly narrow interocclusal space.

Keyword

Chewing simulator; Dental marginal adaptation; Fracture resistance; Porcelain; Zirconia
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