Korean J Health Promot.  2020 Sep;20(3):108-115. 10.15384/kjhp.2020.20.3.108.

Impact of Surface and Deep Acting Emotional Labor on Emotional Dissonance among Ambulatory Care Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Ambulatory care represents the first point of contact between the patient and the hospital. Kindness is strongly emphasized for ambulatory care nurses in customer-centered medical services. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among surface acting, deep acting, and emotional dissonance of emotional labor and to identify the influencing factors on emotional dissonance of ambulatory care nurses in a tertiary hospital.
Methods
This study is a correlational study. The data was collected using emotional labor scales from 163 nurses in March 2017.
Results
The surface acting, deep acting of emotional labor, and emotional dissonance were 3.71±0.69, 3.76±0.57, and 3.36±0.90 respectively in the ambulatory care nurses. The result of the multiple regressions indicates that surface (β=0.77,P<0.001) and deep acting (β=0.12, P=0.009) of emotional labor predict 67.6% (F=188.99,P<0.001) in emotional dissonance of ambulatory care nurses.
Conclusions
To improve emotional dissonance for ambulatory care nurses, it is necessary to develop and utilize emotional labor management program and effective emotional labor management.

Keyword

Emotion; Labor; Dissonance; Ambulatory care; Nurses
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