J Gastric Cancer.  2020 Sep;20(3):277-289. 10.5230/jgc.2020.20.e26.

Proximal Anterior-Antrum Posterior (PAAP) Overlapping Anastomosis in Minimally Invasive Pylorus-Preserving Gastrectomy for Early Gastric Cancer Located in the High Body and Posterior Wall of the Stomach

  • 1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea


To evaluate the feasibility and safety of intracorporeal overlapping gastrogastrostomy between the proximal anterior wall and antrum posterior wall (PAAP; PAAP anastomosis) of the stomach in minimally invasive pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) for early gastric cancer (EGC).
Materials and Methods
From December 2016 to December 2019, 17 patients underwent minimally invasive PPG with PAAP anastomosis for EGC in the high body and posterior wall of the stomach. Intraoperative gastroscopy was performed with the rotation maneuver during proximal transection. A longer antral cuff (>4–5 cm) was created for PAAP than for conventional PPG (≤3 cm) at the point where a safe distal margin and good vascular perfusion were secured. Because the posterior wall of the proximal remnant stomach was insufficient for intracorporeal anastomosis, the anterior wall was used to create an overlapping anastomosis with the posterior wall of the remnant antrum. The surgical and oncological outcomes were analyzed, and the stomach volume was measured in patients who completed the 6-month follow-up. The results were compared to those after conventional PPG (n=11 each).
PAAP anastomosis was successfully performed in 17 patients. The proximal and distal resection margins were 2.4±1.9 cm and 4.0±2.6 cm, respectively. No postoperative complications were observed during the 1-year follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy (n=10). The postoperative remnant stomach (n=11) was significantly larger with PAAP than with conventional PPG (225.6±118.3 vs. 99.1±63.2 mL; P=0.001). The stomach length from the anastomosis to the pylorus was 4.9±2.4 cm after PAAP.
PAAP anastomosis is a feasible alternative for intracorporeal anastomosis in minimally invasive PPG for highly posteriorly located EGC.


Stomach neoplasms; Laparoscopy; Surgical anastomosis; Minimally invasive surgical procedures; Volumetric CT
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