Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2020 Aug;11(4):201-208. 10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.09.

Secondhand Smoking Among Children in Rural Households: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study in Bangladesh

Affiliations
  • 0Department of Community Health, Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
  • 0Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
  • 0epartment of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to determine the factors associated with reducing exposure to secondhand smoke among children in households of rural Bangladesh.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 410 smokers and non-smokers, in 6 villages of Munshigonj district was conducted. Data were collected randomly using a self-administrative questionnaire. Differences between variables were assessed using Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test (as appropriate). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to investigate associations. All results were presented as unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval. The level of statistical significance was reached when p < 0.05.

Results

A smoker in the household was determined to be a risk factor associated with exposure of other household members to secondhand smoke (p < 0.001). Higher education, strict implementation of household smoke-free rules, a higher influence of social norms and culture, as well as moderate knowledge on exposure to secondhand smoke were considered as preventive factors associated with exposure of others in the home to secondhand smoke.

Conclusion

Exposure to secondhand smoke is an extensive and preventable risk factor for children, and reducing exposure to secondhand smoke will have a largely positive effect in the community. An effective public health intervention model may reduce secondhand smoking.


Keyword

Bangladesh; children; secondhand smoking
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