Korean J Parasitol.  2020 Jun;58(3):315-319. 10.3347/kjp.2020.58.3.315.

First Infestation Case of Sarcoptic Mange from a Pet Rabbit Oryctolagus Cuniculus in Republic of Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, Parasite Research Center and Parasite Resource Bank, School of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
  • 2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
  • 3Wildlife Center of Chungbuk, Cheongju 28116 Korea
  • 4Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority, P.O. BOX 2658 Morogoro, Tanzania
  • 5Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Abstract

In November 2019 a 5-month-old mixed-breed rabbit presented to Chungbuk National University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Cheongju-si, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea (Korea) with symptoms comprising pruritus, crusts on skin, poor appetite and reduced defecation. The rabbit was purchased 2 months prior from a pet shop located in a big market, and that the symptoms were first observed about 2 weeks prior to the hospital visit. Physical examination revealed that the patient had crust formation and alopecia on the nose together with lesions on the digits. A skin scraping test was performed using mineral oil and a high density of mites was observed by microscopy. Each mite showed a round, tortoise-like body with 4 comparatively short pairs of legs. The anus was located at the terminal unlike with suspected pathogen, Notoedres cati. Based on morphological characteristics, we identified the mite as Sarcoptes sp. Ivermectin was administered weekly by subcutaneous injection at a dosage of 0.4 mg/kg, and 4 weeks of follow-up study revealed the patient was fully recovered. And no more mites were detected from the case. This is the first case report of sarcoptic mange in a pet rabbit in Korea.

Keyword

Sarcoptic mange; rabbit; ivermectin
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