Nat Prod Sci.  2020 Mar;26(1):10-27. 10.20307/nps.2020.26.1.10.

Endophytic Fungi Inhabiting Medicinal Plants and Their Bioactive Secondary Metabolites

Affiliations
  • 1College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women’s University, Seoul 01369, South Korea

Abstract

Endophytes are defined as microorganisms that spend part of lifetime interior of plant tissues without causing negative effects. They have been used for agricultural purpose, biofuel production, bioremediation, medication, etc. In particular, endophytes have been emerged as a good source for bioactive secondary metabolites. A large number of secondary metabolites are currently being reported. In this report, we focus on the secondary metabolites that were originated from endophytic fungi inhabiting medicinal plants. They were classified into several groups such as nitrogenous compounds, steroids, sulfide-containing metabolites, terpenoids, polyketides, and miscellaneous for discussion of chemical structures and biological activities.

Keyword

Endophytic fungi; Secondary metabolites; Biological activities
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