Korean J Psychosom Med.  2020 Jun;28(1):8-19. 10.22722/KJPM.2020.28.1.8.

Psychological Characteristics of Psychiatric outpatients with High Suicide Risk : Using MMPI-2-RF

  • 1Department Psychiatry, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang Medical Center and College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


:The purpose of this study was to examine whether the MMPI-2-RF serves as a useful tool to differentiate between the subtypes of high risk of suicide among psychiatric outpatients.
:Patients were recruited from the department of psychiatry of university hospital. Participants were diagnosed using DSM-5 criteria by board certified psychiatrists. Their medical records were reviewed retrospectively. And participants were put into 4 groups (Suicide ideation, Suicide attempt, Non-suicidal self-injury, and general psychiatric diagnosis as a control group). For statistical comparison, the MANCOVA with gender as a covariate was used.
:The results indicated that as previous research with non-clinical sample suggested, psychiatric outpatients with high suicide risk also have significantly higher Emotional/Internalizing Dysfunction, Helplessness/ Hopelessness, Suicidal/Death Ideation, Demoralization, Cognitive complaints, Cynicism, Dysfunctional negative thoughts than general psychiatric patients group. But group differences within the high suicide risk patients have not been observed. However, suicide attempt group and NSSI group has higher Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction, RC4, AGG than general psychiatric patients group. But there was no difference between suicidal idea group and general psychiatric patients group.
:There was no group difference observed between all three subtypes, which mean the MMPI- 2-RF may not be the useful diagnostic tool to navigate high suicide risk subtypes. Even though there was no difference observed in the suicide ideation group, suicide attempt group and NSSI group have higher aggression and externalization. So those indexes could serve as a useful marker to investigate riskiness of suicide related symptoms.


MMPI-2-RF; High risk of suicide; NSSI; Suicide ideation; Suicide attempt
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