Korean J Psychosom Med.  2012 Jun;20(1):40-49.

Comparison of Emotional and Psychological Characteristics between Suicide Attempters and Non-Attempters in Depressed Patients : Using MMPI-2 Profiles

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Bundang CHA Hospital, School of Medicine, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea. sura_lee@naver.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To examine emotional and psychological characteristics associated with suicide attempts in depressed patients.
METHODS
A sample of 37 inpatients diagnosed with major depressive disorder or depressive disorder NOS was divided into two groups : lifetime suicide attempters(N=15 ; 40.54%), non-attempters(N=22 ; 59.46%). Beck Depression Scale(BDI), Beck Anxiety Scale(BAI), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale(HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale(HARS), and MMPI-2 were used to evaluate symptoms severity and psychological characteristics.
RESULTS
Suicide attempters scored higher on the BDI though there were no group differences on the HDRS and on the both anxiety scales. Also they showed higher scores on the F, Fb, Pa, RC1, DEP, HEA, PK, AAS among MMPI-2 subscales. Our findings suggest that suicide attempters among depressed patients undergo more severe subjective distress and difficulties in adjustment than non-attempters. Also they were more hostile to others and showed lower trust. Lastly, they showed more somatic complaints and substance related problems.
CONCLUSION
The present study showed that suicide attempters among depressed patients have distinct emotional and psychological characteristics. MMPI-2 would be helpful to assess suicidal risk of depressed patients.

Keyword

Suicide attempt; Suicidal risk; Depression; MMPI-2
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