J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2020 Jun;44(2):78-84. 10.11149/jkaoh.2020.44.2.78.

Effects of health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors on oral disease symptoms in adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biomedical Health Science, Graduate School,
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, 3Oral Hygiene Science Research Institute, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose
of this study was to provide basic data for the improvement of healthrelated behaviors, oral health behaviors and develop an oral health promotion program for adolescents. Therefore, this study investigated health-related behaviors of adolescents and their oral disease symptoms.
Methods
Data of 62,276 adolescents were derived from the 13th Korea youth risk behavior webbased survey. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were performed using complex sampling to determine the effects of health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors on the experience of oral disease symptoms among the adolescents.
Results
In total, 52.9% had developed oral symptoms in the previous year. The sample population consisted of 55.1% females, 53.4% third grade high school students, and 51.1% academic achievers. Among the adolescents, 57.6% of those categorized as having low economic status showed high oral disease experience (P<0.001). The increased intake of sweet drinks and snacks due to a higher subjective depression and perception of stress, increased the experience of oral symptoms (P<0.05). Fewer times of toothbrushing per day was correlated to an increase in oral disease symptoms (P<0.001).
Conclusions
As health-related behaviors and oral health behaviors formed during adolescence affect adulthood, a systematic oral health education program should be developed and implemented for proper health-related behaviors and oral health management in adolescents.

Keyword

Adolescent; Health related behavior; Oral health behavior; Oral disease symptoms experience
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