Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.  2020 Feb;53(1):34-37. 10.5090/kjtcs.2020.53.1.34.

Cerebral Air Embolism and Cardiomyopathy Secondary to Large Bulla Rupture during a Pulmonary Function Test

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Cerebral air embolism combined with cardiomyopathy secondary to pulmonary barotrauma is rare. Here, we report an unusual case of cerebral air embolism combined with transient cardiomyopathy secondary to large bulla rupture during a pulmonary function test after lung cancer surgery. The patient experienced loss of consciousness. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a cerebral air embolism. Electrocardiography showed ST-segment elevation and abnormally high plasma levels of cardiac enzymes. Echocardiography and coronary angiography suggested cardiomyopathy. The patient was discharged with no sequelae.

Keyword

Air embolism; Cardiomyopathies; Bullae; Barotrauma
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