Korean J Sports Med.  2020 Mar;38(1):1-11. 10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.1.1.

Physical Activity Patterns and Their Associated Factors Measured by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire Survey among Korean

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea
  • 3Department of Family Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
  • 4Department of Family Medicine, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Center for Happiness Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
  • 6Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 7Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, SNU-SMG Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 8Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Research on physical activity and health is actively being conducted. In the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was newly introduced in 2014. The purpose
of this study was to investigate the levels of physical activity and related factors in Koreans who were assessed through the GPAQ by dividing the physical activity by occupation, leisure, and transport domain. This study used data from the KNHANES (2014–2016), the study population of which included 17,357 participants aged 12 to 80 years. We compared the differences in physical activity by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. Moreover, we also compared the mean metabolic equivalent of task and daily sitting time according to physical activity domain by sex and age group. Finally, we investigated the sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors that significantly affect the average physical activity per week. The various factors were found to differ in the frequency of physical activity levels. In addition, there was a difference in the amount of physical activity per occupation, leisure, and transport domain in each age group. Finally, age, sex, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, arthritis, allergic rhinitis and sinusitis, sleeping time, and perceived health status significantly affected physical activity. The levels of physical activity significantly differed by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. There was also a difference in the physical activity levels according to the age and sex per each domain of physical activity.

Keyword

Physical fitness; Public health; Risk factors; Social determinants of health; Surveys and questionnaires
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