Ann Dermatol.  2020 Jun;32(3):189-196. 10.5021/ad.2020.32.3.189.

Hyaluronan Oligosaccharides Improve Rosacea-Like Phenotype through Anti-Inflammatory and Epidermal Barrier-Improving Effects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea

Abstract

Background
Rosacea is a common skin disease associated with increased expression of cathelicidin, kallikrein 5 (KLK5), toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, and abnormal barrier function. Recently, it was reported that hyaluronan (HA) could influence immune function via various receptors and HA oligosaccharides (oligo-HAs) could suppress TLR-dependent cytokine expression.
Objective
We investigated if oligo-HAs could influence on inflammation and epidermal barrier induced by LL-37, which had a major role in rosacea.
Methods
We cultured normal human keratinocytes and treated them with LL-37 and oligo-HAs or the LL-37 alone. A rosacea-like BALB/c mouse model injected with LL-37 was used to determine the role of oligo-HAs in rosacea in vivo.
Results
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α release was suppressed when keratinocytes were co-treated with oligo- HAs and LL-37 compared with keratinocytes treated with LL-37 only. Treatment with oligo-HAs resulted in decreased transepidermal water loss as well as improved redness. Decreased inflammatory cell infiltration, IL-17A and KLK5 expression and increased CD44 and filaggrin expression were also noted.
Conclusion
Our findings suggest that oligo-HA improves rosacea-like phenotype through anti-inflammatory and epidermal barrier improving effect.

Keyword

Hyaluronic acid; Rosacea
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