Anxiety Mood.  2020 Apr;16(1):18-23. 10.24986/anxmod.2020.16.1.18.

The Effect of Bullying Victimization on Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents : Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Resilience

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, Naju, Korea
  • 2Education Research Institue, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea

Abstract


Objective
: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of bullying victimization on depressive symptoms in adolescents, and to determine how depression depends on resilience.
Methods
: A total of 4,160 students were recruited, from middle and high schools in Goheung, Yeosu, and the Jangheung area of Jeollanam-do Province. All participants completed self-report questionnaires, that included demographic variables, the Beck Depression inventory (BDI) the School Bullying Self-Rating Questionnaire (SBSRQ), and the Resilience Test (RT).
Results
: Prevalence of depression was 30.3%. A total of 220 (5.3%) students were evaluated likely to be bullied and 45 (1.1%) students were evaluated very likely to be bullied. Depressive symptoms positively correlated with bullying victimization. Depressive symptoms and resilience, bullying victimization and resilience negatively correlated. Results from regression analyses indicated that, while controlling for a range of demographic variables, resilience moderated the association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms.
Conclusion
: Based on the results, professionals must consider resilience for treatment to reduce depression in adolescents of bullying victimization.

Keyword

School bullying; Adolescent; Depression; Resilience
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