Psychiatry Investig.  2018 Jan;15(1):62-69. 10.4306/pi.2018.15.1.62.

Mediating Effect of Resilience on the Association between Emotional Neglect and Depressive Symptoms

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea. wonsh864@knu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Previous studies have reported that childhood maltreatment experiences could induce biological and psychological vulnerability in depressive disorders. However, it is still unclear that type-specific effects of childhood maltreatment on psychological resilience, depressive symptoms and interactions among childhood maltreatment experiences, resilience, and depressive symptoms.
METHODS
A total of 438 medical students were included in the study. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for measuring childhood maltreatment experiences, psychological resilience, and depressive symptoms, respectively. We investigated the effects of childhood maltreatment experiences on resilience and depressive symptoms using correlation analysis. In addition, we analyzed the mediating effect of resilience on the association between childhood maltreatment and symptoms of depression.
RESULTS
Among childhood maltreatment, emotional neglect was a significant predictor of the scores of low resilience and high depressive symptoms in both gender groups (all ps < 0.05). Furthermore, resilience was found to be a mediator connecting emotional neglect experiences with depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSION
Our results suggest that emotional neglect has detrimental effects on mood and resilience, and clinicians need to focus on the recovery of resilience when they deal with depressive symptoms in victims of childhood maltreatment.

Keyword

Emotional neglect; Resilience; Depression

MeSH Terms

Depression*
Depressive Disorder
Humans
Negotiating*
Resilience, Psychological
Students, Medical
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