J Korean Med Sci.  2020 Mar;35(8):e38. 10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e38.

Bone Stress Injuries in Runners: a Review for Raising Interest in Stress Fractures in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Korea. mdjhkoo@naver.com

Abstract

A bone stress injury (BSI) means that the bones cannot tolerate repeated mechanical loads, resulting in structural fatigue and local bone pain. A delay in BSI diagnosis can lead to more serious injuries, such as stress fractures that require longer treatment periods. Therefore, early detection of BSI is an essential part of management. Risk factors for BSI development include biological and biomechanical factors. Medical history and physical examination are the basics for a BSI diagnosis, and magnetic resonance imaging is helpful for confirming and grading. In this paper, the authors review the overall content of BSI and stress fractures which are common in runners. Through this review, we hope that interest in stress fractures will be raised in Korea and that active researches will be conducted.

Keyword

Stress; Injury; Fractures
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