J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2019 Dec;25(3):265-274. 10.22650/JKCNR.2019.25.3.265.

Effects of Psychological Acceptance and Social Support on Posttraumatic Growth in Stomach Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1RN, Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital· Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Korea. whgusal2580@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of psychological acceptance and social support on posttraumatic growth in stomach cancer patients.
METHODS
The questionnaires were administered from January 14 to February 11, 2015 to 123 subjects who had stomach cancer surgery six months prior. SPSS statistics 21.0 software was used to analyze the data for t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlations, Scheffé test and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
The results of this study are as follows: The major factors related to posttraumatic growth included gender (t=−2.72, p=.007), age (r=−.21, p=.016), having a religion (t=−3.40, p<.001), perceived importance of religion (r=.43, p<.001), seriousness of cancer diagnosis (r=.25, p=.005) and impact of cancer diagnosis (r=.32, p<.001). There were significant relationships between psychological acceptance (r=.18, p=.041) and social support (r=.32, p<.001) on posttraumatic growth. Significantly influential factors of posttraumatic growth were age (β=−.19, p=.021), perceived importance of religion (β=.41, p<.001) and family support (β=.29, p<.001), which together accounted for 36.5% of the variance in posttraumatic growth.
CONCLUSION
The result of current study indicated that age, importance of religion, and family support influenced posttraumatic growth. Based on the findings of this study, developing nursing intervention programs focusing on increasing posttraumatic growth in stomach cancer patients is recommended.

Keyword

Posttraumatic Growth; Psychological Acceptance; Social Support
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