J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2019 Dec;28(4):353-361. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.4.353.

Factors associated with the Health-related Quality of Life of Firefighters

  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University, Changwon, Korea. yangsk@kyungnam.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among occupational identity, social support, posttraumatic growth, and health-related quality of life regarding firefighters.
The study was conducted with 149 firefighters working at two fire stations in South Gyeongsang Province. Data were collected between August and September 2018. There were four research instruments in the structured survey, including the occupational identity scale, social support scale, Korea Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument.
As a result, the quality of life of firefighters was positively correlated with social support, occupational identity, and posttraumatic growth. The factors associated with the quality of life of firefighters were social support (β=.36, p < .001), and occupational identity (β=.31, p < .001). The total explanatory power of these variables was 53.1%.
To improve the health-related quality of life of firefighters based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop support programs to strengthen social support and occupational identity.


Firefighters; Quality of life; Occupations; Social support; Posttraumatic growth, Psychological

MeSH Terms

Quality of Life*
Social Identification
World Health Organization


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