Chonnam Med J.  2020 Jan;56(1):50-54. 10.4068/cmj.2020.56.1.50.

Screening for Atrial Fibrillation Using a Smartphone-Based Electrocardiogram in Korean Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Gwangju-Jeonnam Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Korea. mhshinx@paran.com
  • 3Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for 10-20% of cerebral infarctions. Several mobile devices have been developed to screen for AF and studies of AF screening have been conducted in several countries to evaluate the applicability of these mobile devices. In this tradition, we conducted a community-based AF screening using an automated single-lead electrocardiogram (SL-ECG). This survey examined 2,422 participants in a community dementia screening program who were aged 60 years or older in the preliminary study, and 5,366 participants at 9 Senior Welfare Centers aged 60 years or older in the expanded study. AF screening was conducted using an automated SL-ECG (Kardia Mobile, AliveCor, Mountain View, CA, USA). AF was confirmed with a 12-lead electrocardiogram in subjects classified as having AF on the SL-ECG. In the preliminary study, of the 2,422 subjects, 124 had AF on the SL-ECG. The prevalence of AF was 3.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.4-3.8). The positive predictive value (PPV) of SL-ECG was 58.9% (95% CI: 50.1-67.1). Of the subjects diagnosed with AF, 65.8% (95% CI: 54.3-75.6) were newly diagnosed. In an expanded study, of the 5,366 subjects, 289 had AF on SL-ECG. The prevalence was 2.6% (95% CI: 2.2-3.1) and PPV of SL-ECG was 48.8% (95% CI: 43.1-54.5). In this community-based AF screening, we found that AF is underdiagnosed and undertreated. These results suggest that the early detection of AF using mobile devices is needed in Korea.

Keyword

Atrial Fibrillation; Mass Screening; Electrocardiography
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