Korean J Sports Med.  2018 Mar;36(1):1-6. 10.5763/kjsm.2018.36.1.1.

Study on the Orthopedic Characteristics of Bicycle Injury Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. ktk1113@kyuh.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to investigate bicycle injury patients who suffered orthopedic injuries.
METHODS
From January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, 1,664 people visited the emergency room due to a bicycle accident. Among them, 385 patients were found to have orthopedic injuries through physical examination and imaging evaluation. Intending to evaluate whether the number of bicycle injury patients is increasing or decreasing yearly, we investigated the rate of orthopedic injuries among bicycle injury patients, the damaged areas and the extent of damage, and also investigated whether changes in frequency were correlated with sex, age, or season.
RESULTS
From January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, a total of 237,533 people came to the emergency room. Among them, the number of bicycle injuries was 1,664 (0.7%), and 23% of the bicycle injuries (385 people) were orthopedic injuries. Among these, 77.4% were men, 44.5% were less than 20 years old, and 20% were more than 61 years old. Damage to the forearm (n=82, 21.3%) and the shoulder (n=71, 18.4%) were the most common injuries, and simple fractures affected 274 patients (71.1%), overwhelmingly more common than other patterns of damage. In combination, simple fracture and dislocations occurred in 279 cases (72.5%).
CONCLUSION
Most bicycle injuries occur in young and elderly people. Fractures of the forearm and shoulder were the most common orthopedic injuries. We expect that this study will be helpful in providing information about the orthopedic characteristics of bike injuries.

Keyword

Bicycle; Emergency department; Incidence; Orthopedics
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