Ann Coloproctol.  2019 Oct;35(5):268-274. 10.3393/ac.2018.12.18.

Single-center Experience of 24 Cases of Tailgut Cyst

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. namkyuk@yuhs.ac
  • 2Colorectal Surgery Unit, Department of General Surgery, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University Hospitals, Mansoura, Egypt.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Tailgut cysts are rare congenital or developmental lesions that arise from vestiges of the embryological hindgut. They are usually present in the presacral space. We report our single-center experience with managing tailgut cysts.
METHODS
We conducted a retrospective analysis of 24 patients with tailgut cyst treated surgically at the Colorectal Surgery Department of Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea, between 2007-2018.
RESULTS
This study included 24 patients (18 females) with a median age of 51.5 years (range, 21-68 years). Ten cases were symptomatic and 14 were asymptomatic. Cysts were retrorectal in 21 patients. Cysts were below the coccyx level in 16 patients, opposite the coccyx in 6, and above the coccyx in 2. Cysts were supralevator in 5 patients, had a supra- and infralevator extension in 18 patients, and were infralevator in 1. Ten patients were managed using an anterior laparoscopic approach, 11 using a posterior approach, and 3 using a combined approach. Mean cyst size was 5.5 ± 2.7 cm. Postoperative complications were Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification grade II in 9 patients (37.5%) and CD grade III in 1 (4.2%). The posterior approach group showed the highest rate of complications (P = 0.021). Patients managed using a combined approach showed a larger cyst size (P < 0.001), longer operation times (P < 0.001), and a greater likelihood of tumor level above the coccyx (P = 0.002) compared to other approaches. The tumors of 2 male patients were malignant: 1 was a neuroendocrine tumor treated with radiotherapy, while the other was a closely followed adenocarcinoma. Median follow-up was 12 months (range, 1-66 months) with no recurrence.
CONCLUSION
Tailgut cysts are uncommon but can cause perineal or pelvic pain. Complete surgical excision via an appropriate approach according to tumor size, location, and correlation with adjacent pelvic floor muscles is the key treatment.

Keyword

Tailgut cyst; Presacral tumors; Retrorectal space

MeSH Terms

Adenocarcinoma
Classification
Coccyx
Colorectal Surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Korea
Male
Muscles
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Pelvic Floor
Pelvic Pain
Postoperative Complications
Radiotherapy
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Seoul
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