J Adv Prosthodont.  2019 Oct;11(5):297-304. 10.4047/jap.2019.11.5.297.

Repair bond strength of composite resin to zirconia restorations after different thermal cycles

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey. omerkrml@ymail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
This in vitro study investigated the repair bond strength of the zirconia ceramic after different aging conditions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In order to imitate the failure modes of veneered zirconia restorations, veneer ceramic, zirconia, and veneer ceramic-zirconia specimens were prepared and were divided into 4 subgroups as: control (37℃ distilled water for 24 hours ) and 3000, 6000, 12000 thermal cycling groups (n=15). Then, specimens were bonded to composite resin using a porcelain repair kit according to the manufacturer recommendation. The repair bond strength (RBS) test was performed using a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min). Failure types were analyzed under a stereomicroscope. Two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni test were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS
The RBS values of zirconia specimens were statistically significant and higher than veneer ceramic and veneer ceramic-zirconia specimens in control, 3000 and 6000 thermal cycling groups (P<.05). When 12000 thermal cycles were applied, the highest value was found in zirconia specimens but there was no statistically significant difference between veneer ceramic and veneer ceramic-zirconia specimens (P>.05). Veneer ceramic specimens exhibited cohesive failure types, zirconia specimens exhibited adhesive failure types, and veneer ceramic-zirconia specimens exhibited predominately mixed failure types.
CONCLUSION
Thermal cycling can adversely affect RBS of composite resin bınded to level of fractured zirconia ceramics.

Keyword

Zircornia; Thermal cycling; Repair bond strength; Composite resin; Porcelain repaire systems

MeSH Terms

Adhesives
Aging
Ceramics
Dental Porcelain
In Vitro Techniques
Water
Adhesives
Dental Porcelain
Water
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