J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2019 Sep;30(3):336-344. 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.3.336.

Effects of Hand Moxibustion and Hand Press Pellet on Low Back Pain, Range of Joint Movement, and Depression

  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Sunlin University, Pohang, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Gumi University, Gumi, Korea. pleasure_jw@naver.com


This study tries to examine the effects of hand moxibustion and press pellet by applying them to male manufacturing workers with low back pain, and use them to develop nursing interventions for workers.
The data were collected from August to October, 2018, and the subjects were 60 men, processed by using SPSS/WIN 21.0 to perform homogeneity test with χ²-, t-, and hypothesis tests with repeated measures, ANOVA and Scheffé test.
Hypothesis 1 that "the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would give lower scores for low back pain than the control group" was supported (F=78.71, p<.001). Hypothesis 2 that "the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would have a wider range of motion than the control group" was also supported (F=17.44, p<.001). Hypothesis 3 that "the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would give lower scores for depression than the control group," again, was supported (F=16.95, p<.001).
Hand moxibustion and hand press pellet are effective in relieving low back pain for male workers, in increasing the range of motion, and in decreasing depression.


Moxibustion; Men; Manufacturing industry; Low back pain

MeSH Terms

Low Back Pain*
Range of Motion, Articular


  • Figure 1. Research flow diagram.

  • Figure 2. Corresponding points on hands for low back pain.



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