Ann Rehabil Med.  2019 Aug;43(4):483-489. 10.5535/arm.2019.43.4.483.

Correlations Between Values of Articulation Tests and Language Tests for Children With Articulation Disorder in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Seoul, Korea. kidlife@khu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate correlations between values of articulation tests and language tests for children with articulation disorder in Korea.
METHODS
Data of outpatients with chief complaint of an articulation problem were retrospectively collected. Patients who underwent Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonation (U-TAP) with Assessment of Phonology and Articulation for Children (APAC), Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale (PRES), or Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test (REVT) simultaneously were identified. Patients whose word-level percentages of correct consonants in U-TAP (UTAP_wC) were more than 2 standard deviations below the mean as diagnostic criteria for articulation disorder were selected. Those whose receptive language age (P_RLA), expressive language age (P_ELA), or combined language age (P_CLA) in PRES was delayed more than 24 months compared to their chronological age in months as diagnostic criteria for language disorder were excluded.
RESULTS
Thirty-three children aged 3-6 years were enrolled retrospectively. PRES and U-TAP showed significant correlations for most of value relationships. PRES and APAC showed significant correlations for all value relationships except for receptive language age. All values of REVT were significantly correlated with all values from U-TAP, but not with any value from APAC. Articulation tests U-TAP and APAC showed significant correlations between percentages of correct consonants. Language tests PRES and REVT showed significant correlations for all value relationships.
CONCLUSION
This study suggests that articulation abilities and language abilities might be correlated in children with articulation disorder.

Keyword

Articulation disorders; Speech disorders; Language disorders; Speech articulation tests; Language tests

MeSH Terms

Articulation Disorders*
Child*
Humans
Korea*
Language
Language Disorders
Language Tests*
Outpatients
Phonation
Retrospective Studies
Speech Articulation Tests
Speech Disorders
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