J Korean Diabetes.  2019 Jun;20(2):99-105. 10.4093/jkd.2019.20.2.99.

Education of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Peripheral Artery Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Diabetes Education Unit, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea. 70195@cuh.co.kr

Abstract

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and diabetes increase the risk of significant morbidity and mortality and can affect quality of life. PAD is a progressive disease, and the presence of diabetes mellitus increases the risk of adverse outcomes among patients with PAD. Diabetes patients should undergo an initial screening for PAD that evaluates walking speed, leg fatigue, claudication, and pedal pulses. Healthcare providers should discuss with their patients controllable risk factors for PAD that can be modified. A comprehensive care plan for patients with PAD and diabetes mellitus is important and may include smoking cessation, structured exercise therapy, foot care, glycemic control and management of other cardiovascular risk factors (weight management, diet, and control of blood pressure and cholesterol). PAD with diabetes mellitus is a lifelong chronic medical condition, and prompt identification and treatment of PAD are crucial. Patient education is needed to prevent complications and to encourage a healthy and active lifestyle.

Keyword

Diabetes mellitus; Health education; Peripheral arterial disease

MeSH Terms

Blood Pressure
Diabetes Mellitus*
Diet
Education*
Exercise Therapy
Fatigue
Foot
Health Education
Health Personnel
Humans
Leg
Life Style
Mass Screening
Mortality
Patient Education as Topic*
Peripheral Arterial Disease*
Quality of Life
Risk Factors
Smoking Cessation
Walking
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