Korean J Dermatol.  2019 Mar;57(3):117-125.

A Clinical Study Including Patch Test of Rosacea Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea. mabie@kyuh.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Rosacea is a relatively common inflammatory skin disease characterized by central facial erythema that persists for several months or longer. Experimental studies have demonstrated that rosacea compromises the epidermal barrier protection against allergens and irritants, rendering rosacea patients susceptible to contact hypersensitivity and skin irritation.
OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to investigate allergic and irritant reactions to topical agents and cosmetics in rosacea patients using patch tests.
METHODS
Rosacea signs and subtypes of 40 patients were recorded and subjective symptoms and clinical experiences related to topical agents and cosmetics were assessed using a questionnaire. Patch tests were performed in these patients using the Korean Standard Series (Chemotechnique Diagnostics, Sweden), the TRUE test® (Mekos Laboratories ApS, Denmark), and 26 selected fragrance and 31 cosmetic antigens (TROLAB, Germany).
RESULTS
Of 40 patch-tested patients, 26 (65%) showed at least 1 positive reaction and 13 (32.5%) showed 2 or more positive reactions. The most common allergens were nickel (II) sulfate (50%), cobalt chloride (10%), epoxy resin (7.7%), and thimerosal (7.5%). Thirteen patients (32.5%) experienced irritant patch test reactions. There were no significant differences in allergic or irritant positive reactions between mild, moderate, and severe cases of rosacea or between rosacea subtypes. Irritant reactions were more common in fair-skinned participants.
CONCLUSION
Different topical medications are used in the treatment of rosacea patients. Exacerbation of rosacea may be caused by a hypersensitivity reaction or irritation induced by the topical agent or by cosmetics.

Keyword

Cosmetics; Korean standard series; Patch test; Rosacea; TRUE test®

MeSH Terms

Allergens
Clinical Study*
Cobalt
Dermatitis, Contact
Erythema
Humans
Hypersensitivity
Irritants
Nickel
Patch Tests*
Rosacea*
Skin
Skin Diseases
Thimerosal
Allergens
Cobalt
Irritants
Nickel
Thimerosal
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