J Korean Orthop Assoc.  1984 Oct;19(5):909-924. 10.4055/jkoa.1984.19.5.909.

Revision for Loosened Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty


Concomitant with progressive rise in incidence of loosening of conventional total hip replacement arthroplasty which is mainly due to improper surgical technique and cement fixation, has been increased the incidence of revision. In addition to technical failure, there are many risk factors that effect the loosening, such as young active person, obesity, men, osteopomsis, those with bone stock deficiencies as congenital dysplasia of the hip, and those with previous hemiarthroplasties, etc.. Many experimental and clinical studies have been tried to decrease the incidence of loosening in conventional total hip replacement arthroplasty. One of these trials is the cementless total hip replacement arthroplasty with its simplicity of the surgical procedure. We have experienced 426 hips of the total hip replacement arthmplasty in 396 patients from January 1973 to December 1982, among whom 21 hips in 20 patients who had been undertaken revisional arthroplasty were followed up. The longest follow-up was 7 years and 3 months and the shortest was 2 years, the average being 2 years and 4 months. 1. Ankylosis of the hip and sequeale of the infected hip were most common in primary diseases of our revision cases. 2. Revision with cementless total hip replacement arthroplasty of a loosened conventional total hip replacement arthroplasty appears to be available as an effective alternative. 3. Initial attempt with cementlass total hip replacement arthroplasty to prevent loosening after conventional total hip replacement arthroplasty seems to be preferable for patients with ankylosis of the hip or sequeale of the infected hip, especially who are active and young.


Loosening; Revision for loosened total hip replacement arthroplasty
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