Res Vestib Sci.  2019 Mar;18(1):1-7. 10.21790/rvs.2019.18.1.1.

Injury Mechanism to Induce Traumatic Balance Disorder

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Many of the dizziness patients annually visit ENT (ear, nose, throat) clinics because the vestibular function is the major organ to keep body balance and belongs to the Otorhinolaryngology. Nevertheless, many otolaryngologists feel that it is not easy to access the dizziness patients. The reason is that dizziness is not a final diagnosis and it is necessary to start the diagnosis of dizziness and find out the cause. Also, the causes of dizziness belong to multiple medical departments. That is why we need to pay more attention. Among them, traumatic vertigo can be manifested in various ways depending on the injury site and mechanism, and it is often difficult to predict the medical prognosis. Therefore, this review article focuses on traumatic vertigo. In this paper, we discussed its epidemiology and mechanism to help clinicians to treat patients with traumatic vertigo.


Traumatic vertigo; Dizziness; Head trauma; Balance disorder; Epidemiology
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