Korean J Parasitol.  2019 Feb;57(1):17-20. 10.3347/kjp.2019.57.1.17.

Necrotizing Enteritis Caused by Pharyngostomum cordatum Infection in a Stray Cat

Affiliations
  • 1Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Korea. jungjy1982@jejunu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju 52727, Korea.
  • 3College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea.

Abstract

A stray female cat of unknown age, presenting bright red watery diarrhea, was submitted to the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency for diagnosis. In the small intestines extracted from the necropsied cat, numerous white oval-shaped organisms were firmly embedded in the mucosa and there was thickening of intestinal wall. Histopathological analysis revealed severe necrotizing enteritis, together with atrophied intestinal villi, exfoliated enterocytes, and parasitic worms. Recovered worms were identified as Pharyngostomum cordatum by morphological observation and genetic analysis. Although P. cordatum is known to occur widely in Korea, this is the first clinical description of an infection by P. cordatum causing severe feline enteritis.

Keyword

Pharyngostomum cordatum; trematode; cat; diarrhea; Korea

MeSH Terms

Animals
Cats*
Diagnosis
Diarrhea
Enteritis*
Enterocytes
Female
Helminths
Humans
Intestine, Small
Korea
Mucous Membrane
Plants
Quarantine
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