Korean J Parasitol.  2008 Sep;46(3):199-201. 10.3347/kjp.2008.46.3.199.

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Stray Cats of Gyeonggi-do, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Malaria & Parasitic Disease, National Institute of Health, Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul 122-701, Korea. ondalgl@cdc.go.kr
  • 2Bacteriology & Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research & Quarantine Service, Anyang 430-824, Korea.
  • 3Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea.
  • 4Department of Parasitology and Catholic Institute of Parasitic Diseases, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul 137-701, Korea.

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular zoonotic protozoan with a worldwide distribution. It infects humans as well as a broad spectrum of vertebrate hosts. Cats and wild felidae play crucial roles in the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis. This study was performed to survey the prevalence of T. gondii infection among stray cats in the Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. A total of 174 stray cat blood samples were collected from Gwacheon-si (n = 20), Bucheon-si (82), and Yangju-si (72). Positive sera for T. gondii were identified in 14 samples (8.1%) exclusively via the latex agglutination test, 28 (16.1%) via ELISA, and 23 (13.2%) via PCR analysis. The overall infection rate of female stray cats (29.2%) presented as higher than that of male cats (24.0%). This study suggests that T. gondii is widespread in the stray cat population of Gyeonggi-do, Korea. It is urgently needed to control urban stray cat population and to reduce the risk of zoonotic transmission of toxoplasmosis to other animal hosts and humans.

Keyword

Toxoplasma gondii,; stray cat; latex agglutination test; ELISA; PCR
Full Text Links
  • KJP
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Copyright © 2020 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr