Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2019 Feb;28(1):64-74. 10.5807/kjohn.2019.28.1.64.

Influence of Perfectionism and Coping Styles on Burnout in Clinical Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Registered Nurse, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. hchoi@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on burnout after analyzing the relationship among clinical nurses' various perfectionism and coping styles.
METHODS
A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 clinical nurses who had six months or more years of clinical experiences from two general hospitals located in D city. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise regression analysis using IBM SPSS statistics 23.0 program.
RESULTS
The burnout of clinical nurses was positively correlated with socially prescribed perfectionism and negatively correlated with active coping style. Socially prescribed perfectionism was positively correlated with active coping style and passive coping style. Influencing factors on the burnout of clinical nurses were socially prescribed perfectionism (β=.37), satisfied work unit (β=−.64) and neutral satisfaction of work unit (β=−.27), over 40 years of age (β=−.21), and active coping style (β=−.14). The model consisting of these variables explained 42% of variance of burnout in clinical nurses.
CONCLUSION
Based on the findings of this study developing intervention programs that consider influencing factors such as perfectionism and coping styles is needed to reduce the level of burnout of clinical nurses.

Keyword

Burnout; Nurses; Perfectionism
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