Korean J Med Educ.  2016 Mar;28(1):49-55. 10.3946/kjme.2016.9.

The relationship among self-efficacy, perfectionism and academic burnout in medical school students

  • 1Office of Medical Education, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. edujin@ajou.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Medical Humanities & Social Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic self-efficacy, socially-prescribed perfectionism, and academic burnout in medical school students and to determine whether academic self-efficacy had a mediating role in the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout.
A total of 244 first-year and second-year premed medical students and first- to fourth-year medical students were enrolled in this study. As study tools, socially-prescribed perfectionism, academic self-efficacy, and academic burnout scales were utilized. For data analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted.
Academic burnout had correlation with socially-prescribed perfectionism. It had negative correlation with academic self-efficacy. Socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic self-efficacy had 54% explanatory power for academic burnout. When socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic self-efficacy were simultaneously used as input, academic self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic burnout.
Socially-prescribed perfectionism had a negative effect on academic self-efficacy, ultimately triggering academic burnout. This suggests that it is important to have educational and counseling interventions to improve academic self-efficacy by relieving academic burnout of medical school students.


Perfectionism; Socially prescribed perfectionism; Academic self-efficacy; Academic burnout
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