J Lab Med Qual Assur.  2018 Sep;40(3):161-170. 10.15263/jlmqa.2018.40.3.161.

Factors Affecting Hemagglutinations Strength in ABO Blood Group Typing Test Using the Tube Method

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Korea. wileemd@khu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The ABO blood group typing test (ABO test) is an initial pre-transfusion test based on hemagglutination. Although various factors affect hemagglutination strength, few studies have examined how these factors can be applied in clinical laboratories and their effects on hemagglutination. This study was conducted to analyze the factors affecting hemagglutination strength in the ABO test using a tube method applied in many laboratories.
METHODS
We conducted a detailed questionnaire survey of 51 laboratories which use the ABO test with a tube method. We also analyzed the results of the ABO test (cell and serum typing) with 40 specimens using factors affecting hemagglutination at a tube method and applied differently in each laboratory.
RESULTS
Each laboratory used various methods to prepare red cell suspensions as specimens or reagents and used different reagent to sample ratios, centrifugation protocols, and shaking test tubes before evaluating hemagglutination strength. By testing various combinations of these factors, direct sampling from the red cell layer of the original specimen was found to have the largest effect on lowering hemagglutination strength in cell typing tests. In serum typing tests, various factors influenced hemagglutination strength, including shaking the tube before analysis and the concentration of a home-made red cell suspension used as a reagent.
CONCLUSIONS
To achieve accurate results in the ABO test by the tube method, detailed guidelines that include the factors affecting hemagglutination strength determined in this study should be established.

Keyword

Blood group typing test; Hemagglutination strength; Tube method; Red cell suspension

MeSH Terms

Centrifugation
Hemagglutination*
Indicators and Reagents
Methods*
Suspensions
Indicators and Reagents
Suspensions
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