Clin Should Elbow.  2018 Mar;21(1):30-36. 10.5397/cise.2018.21.1.30.

Preoperative Korean Shoulder Scoring System Correlates with Preoperative Factors of Rotator Cuff Tears

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Busan Bumin Hospital, Busan, Korea.


The Korean Shoulder Scoring System (KSS) is a reliable and valid procedure for discriminative assessment of the clinical status of patients with rotator cuff tears. This study evaluates the correlation between the preoperative KSS and factors in patients with rotator cuff tears.
From November 2009 to June 2016, 970 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were retrospectively evaluated. A total of 490 patients met the study criteria. Preoperative factors included age, sex, symptom duration, mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) tear size, acromiohumeral distance (AHD), tangent sign, tendon involvement (type I, supraspinatus; type II, supraspinatus and subscapularis; type III, supraspinatus and infraspinatus; type IV, all 3 tendons), fatty infiltration of rotator cuff muscles (group I, Goutallier stages 0 and 1; group II, Goutallier stages 2, 3, and 4), and KSS.
Old age, ML tear size, and AP tear size negatively correlated with the preoperative KSS (p < 0.001). AHD showed a positive correlation with the preoperative KSS (p < 0.001). A significantly inferior preoperative KSS was found in females and type III tendon involvement (p < 0.001). For supraspinatus and infraspinatus, the preoperative KSS of group II fatty infiltration showed a significantly lower score than group I fatty infiltration (p < 0.05).
A relatively lower preoperative KSS was associated with old age, large tear size, narrow AHD, female, type III tendon involvement, and group II fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus. Our study indicates that preoperative KSS can be a good measurement for the preoperative status of patients with rotator cuff tears.


Korean Shoulder Scoring System; Rotator cuff tear; Preoperative factors
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