Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2018 Dec;61(12):697-701. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2018.00507.

Evaluation of Surgical Completeness in Endoscopic Total Thyroidectomy with Central Neck Dissection via a Unilateral Axillo-Breast Approach Compared with Bilateral Axillo-Breast and Open Approach

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea. entdok@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical completeness in endoscopic total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection via unilateral axillo-breast approach (UABA) compared with bilateral axillo-breast (BABA) and open approach (OA) by means of the radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) ratio and thyroglobulin (Tg) of remnant thyroid. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: From July 2010 to March 2013, 82 patients who had underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection and postoperative radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation for papillary thyroid carcinoma were enrolled. Of these patients, 27 patients underwent UABA, 24 patients BABA, and 31 patients OA. Clinicopathologic data, surgical outcome, stimulated Tg and RAIU ratio on the first postoperative RAI ablation scan were compared among 3 groups.
RESULTS
Patients in the endoscopic surgery groups (UABA, BABA) were younger than those in the OA groups. Invasiveness such as operation time, postoperative pain, and drain amount in UABA was less than that in BABA and severer than that in OA. Other variables regarding clinicopathologic and surgical data were not significantly different. Stimulated Tg and RAIU ratio did not show significant differences among 3 groups (p=0.659 and p=0.664).
CONCLUSION
The completeness of UABA was comparable with that of BABA and OA. The UABA may be a safe option for patients who need endoscopic thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Keyword

Bilateral axillo-breast approach; Completeness; Endoscopy; Thyroidectomy; Unilateral axillo-breast approach
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