Korean J Sports Med.  2018 Jun;36(2):84-91. 10.5763/kjsm.2018.36.2.84.

Study of the Heavy Metals in Fume of Buckshot, Blood Lead Concentration and Self-Rated Health Status of National Clay Shooting Athletes

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Exercise Physiology, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea. judo69@knsu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to investigate the levels of heavy metals and self-rated health status of the national clay shooting athletes.
METHODS
Fourteen subjects' blood lead level and index of liver damage (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyl transferase) were measured. Heavy metal content in training environment was measured by collecting the buckshot fume. In addition, subjects completed a questionnaire assessing self-rated health status (Todai Health Index).
RESULTS
Antimony and lead were detected much more than other heavy metals in the air of the shooting range. The average blood lead level of 14 subjects was significantly higher than the upper limit of normal Korean adults. Blood lead level of male is significantly higher than female and training frequency and the total training time per week were positively correlated to the blood lead level. In the result of survey on self-rated health, the higher the blood lead level, the lower the score of the common subjective physical symptoms. By age, the younger the subjects are, the higher the score of the common subjective symptoms.
CONCLUSION
Although the level of heavy metals in fume of buckshot and blood lead was high, national clay shooting athletes thought that they are healthy.

Keyword

Athletes; Health status; Heavy metals; Lead
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