Clin Endosc.  2018 Sep;51(5):425-429. 10.5946/ce.2018.153.

Small Bowel Endoscopic Bariatric Therapies

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, Gangneung, Korea.
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. dohoon.md@gmail.com

Abstract

Endoscopic bariatric therapies that emulate some of the principles of bariatric surgery have been developed as a less invasive option for the treatment of obesity and related comorbidities. Small bowel endoscopic bariatric therapies include bypass sleeves, incisionless anastomosis systems, and duodenal mucosal resurfacing. Clinical experience with small bowel devices suggests that endoscopic bariatric procedures can be safely implemented and that these devices are effective for both weight loss and metabolic improvement. Although the mechanisms behind these effects should be further elucidated, endoscopic bariatric therapies may be more effective and safer adjunctive interventions than lifestyle modifications and pharmacological regimens for patients with obesity or obesity-related comorbidities.

Keyword

Bariatrics; Endoscopy; Obesity; Intestine, small; Weight loss
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