Cancer Res Treat.  2018 Oct;50(4):1175-1185. 10.4143/crt.2017.494.

Prognosis of Pancreatic Cancer Patients with Synchronous or Metachronous Malignancies from Other Organs Is Better than Those with Pancreatic Cancer Only

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pathology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. smhong28@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Pancreatic cancer associated double primary tumors are rare and their clinicopathologic characteristics are not well elucidated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Clinicopathologic factors of 1,352 primary pancreatic cancers with or without associated double primary tumors were evaluated.
RESULTS
Of resected primary pancreatic cancers, 113 (8.4%) had associated double primary tumors, including 26 stomach, 25 colorectal, 18 lung, and 13 thyroid cancers. The median interval between the diagnoses of pancreatic cancer and associated double primary tumors was 0.5 months. Overall survival (OS) of pancreatic cancer patients with associated double primary tumors was longer than those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 23.1 months vs. 17.0 months; p=0.002). Patients whose pancreatic cancers were resected before the diagnosis of metachronous tumors had a better OS than patients whose pancreatic cancer resected after the diagnosis of metachronous tumors (48.9 months and 13.5 months, p=0.001) or those whose pancreatic cancers were resected synchronously with non-pancreas tumors (19.1 months, p=0.043). The OS of pancreatic cancer patients with stomach (33.9 months, p=0.032) and thyroid (117.8 months, p=0.049) cancers was significantly better than those with pancreas cancer only (17.0 months).
CONCLUSION
About 8% of resected pancreatic cancers had associated double primary tumors, and those from the colorectum, stomach, lung, and thyroid were common. Patients whose pancreatic cancer was resected before the diagnosis of metachronous tumors had better OS than those resected after the diagnosis of metachronous tumors or those resected synchronously.

Keyword

Pancreas; Neoplasms; Multiple primary neoplasms; Second primary neoplasms; Prognosis

MeSH Terms

Diagnosis
Humans
Lung
Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Pancreas
Pancreatic Neoplasms*
Prognosis*
Stomach
Thyroid Gland
Thyroid Neoplasms

Figure

  • Fig. 1. Overall survival (OS) comparison between pancreatic cancer with or without accompanying malignancies from other organs. (A) The OS for pancreatic cancer patients with synchronous or metachronous malignant tumors from other organs was significantly longer than patients with pancreatic cancer only (median, 23.1 months vs. 17.0 months; estimated 5-year survival rate, 27.7% vs. 14.4%; p=0.002). (B) Patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer earlier than other malignancies had better OS (median, 48.9 months) than those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 17.0 months), pancreatic cancers with synchronous other malignant tumors (median, 19.1 months) or pancreatic cancer after other malignancies (median, 13.5 months; OS comparison, p=0.001; 1 vs. 2, p=0.001; 2 vs. 3, p=0.043; 2 vs. 4, p=0.001; 1 vs. 3, p=0.077; 1 vs. 4, p=0.859; 3 vs. 4, p=0.149).

  • Fig. 2. Overall survival (OS) comparison between pancreatic cancer patients with or without accompanying stomach (A), thyroid (B), lung (C), and colon (D) cancers. (A) Pancreatic cancer plus stomach cancer patients had significantly better OS than those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 33.9 months vs. 17.0 months; p=0.032). (B) Pancreatic cancer plus thyroid cancer patients had significantly better OS than those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 117.8 months vs. 17.0 months; p=0.049). (C) Pancreatic cancer plus lung cancer patients had a tendency for a longer survival than those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 27.4 months vs. 17.0 months; p=0.092). (D) No significant survival difference was observed between pancreatic cancer plus colon cancer patients and those with pancreatic cancer only (median, 24.9 months vs. 17.0 months; p=0.512).


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Min Ji Kim, Han-Sang Baek, Sung Hak Lee, Dong-Jun Lim
Int J Thyroidol. 2021;14(2):175-179.    doi: 10.11106/ijt.2021.14.2.175.


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